The Importance of a Healthy Lifestyle in the Era of COVID-19


  • Kristina S. Petersen Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
  • Andrew M. Freeman Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO
  • Penny M. Kris-Etherton Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
  • Kim Allan Williams Sr. Division of Cardiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL
  • Koushik R. Reddy College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
  • Monica Aggarwal Division of Cardiology, University of Florida/Shands Hospital, Gainesville, FL
  • Neal D. Barnard Adjunct Faculty, George Washington University School of Medicine, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, DC
  • Dean Ornish Preventive Medicine Research Institute, Sausalito, California, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
  • Caldwell B. Esselstyn Jr. The Cleveland Clinic Wellness Institute, Cleveland, OH
  • Kathleen Allen Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH
  • Karen Aspry Lifespan Cardiovascular Institute, and Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brown University, Alpert Medical School, Providence, RI.



Coronavirus 2019;, Cardiovascular disease;, Lifestyle;, Immune function


Existing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its modifiable risk factors are associated with increased mortality from coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Clinical attention has focused on acute interventions for COVID-19, but reducing upstream risks associated with poor outcomes must occur in parallel. This is particularly urgent because risk factors for COVID-19 death are prevalent, and the pandemic has negatively impacted lifestyle and socioeconomic factors that augment these risks. Evidence-based lifestyle interventions have a generally short time-to-benefit, and lower risk of CVD and improve markers of immune function. Wider promotion of healthy lifestyle practices will improve the CVD health of the population and could favorably impact COVID-19 outcomes. Research examining how lifestyle modification affects COVID-19 susceptibility and severity is urgently needed.




How to Cite

Petersen, K. S., Freeman, A. M., Kris-Etherton, P. M., Williams Sr., K. A., Reddy, K. R., Aggarwal, M., Barnard, N. D., Ornish, D., Esselstyn Jr., C. B., Allen, K., & Aspry, K. (2021). The Importance of a Healthy Lifestyle in the Era of COVID-19. International Journal of Disease Reversal and Prevention, 3(1), 10 pp.