Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Resource Poor Communities in Lima, Peru: A Pilot Study

  • Jordan Sarver Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Janet Simon Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • David Drozek Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
Keywords: • Cardiovascular disease • Plant-based diet • Nutrition • Lipids • Cholesterol • Triglycerides • Blood pressure • Diabetes • Glycemia • Glycosylated hemoglobin

Abstract

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the second leading cause of death in Peru, behind respiratory disease. The purpose of this study was to better quantify the level of CVD risk in resource poor communities of northern Lima.

Methods and findings: Data was collected from urban, impoverished communities of Lima, Peru consisting of demographics, dietary recall, glycosylated hemoglobin, lipids, and body mass index.

Conclusion: Cardiovascular disease risk factors are prevalent with alarming percentages of the population demonstrating abnormal values in most variables examined, and increased risk utilizing the risk calculator. Higher levels of modifiable CVD risk factors exist in resource poor communities in northern Lima, Peru. Lifestyle modification focused on a plant-based diet might be an affordable, cost-effective approach to reducing CVD risk.

 

Author Biographies

Janet Simon, Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine

College of Health Sciences and Professions, School of Applied Health Sciences and Wellness

Assistant Professor of Athletic Training, Ohio Musculoskeletal and Neurological Institute

Director of Biostatistics and Research Design, Ohio University

1 Ohio University

E150 Grover Center

Athens, OH  45701

Tel: 740.597.1876

simonj1@ohio.edu

David Drozek, Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
David Drozek, D.O., FACLM Associate Professor Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
106 Parks Hall
Athens,  Ohio 45701
Cell: 678-447-2509 FAX: 1-877-337-6935 drozek@ohio.edu
Published
2020-11-04
How to Cite
Sarver, J., Simon, J., & Drozek, D. (2020). Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Resource Poor Communities in Lima, Peru: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Disease Reversal and Prevention, 3(1), 9. https://doi.org/10.22230/ijdrp.2021v3n1a207
Section
Articles