Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Resource Poor Communities in Lima, Peru: A Pilot Study
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the second leading cause of death in Peru, behind respiratory disease. The purpose of this study was to better quantify the level of CVD risk in resource poor communities of northern Lima.
Methods and findings: Data was collected from urban, impoverished communities of Lima, Peru consisting of demographics, dietary recall, glycosylated hemoglobin, lipids, and body mass index.
Conclusion: Cardiovascular disease risk factors are prevalent with alarming percentages of the population demonstrating abnormal values in most variables examined, and increased risk utilizing the risk calculator. Higher levels of modifiable CVD risk factors exist in resource poor communities in northern Lima, Peru. Lifestyle modification focused on a plant-based diet might be an affordable, cost-effective approach to reducing CVD risk.