Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Resource Poor Communities in Lima, Peru: A Pilot Study

  • Jordan Sarver Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Janet Simon Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • David Drozek Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
Keywords: • Cardiovascular disease • Plant-based diet • Nutrition • Lipids • Cholesterol • Triglycerides • Blood pressure • Diabetes • Glycemia • Glycosylated hemoglobin

Abstract

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the second leading cause of death in
Peru, behind respiratory disease. e purpose of this study was to better quantify the
level of CVD risk in resource poor communities of northern Lima.

Methods and findings: Data was collected from urban, impoverished communities
of Lima, Peru consisting of demographics, dietary recall, glycosylated hemoglobin,
lipids and body mass index.

Conclusion: Cardiovascular disease risk factors are prevalent with alarming percentages
of the population demonstrating abnormal values in most variables examined, and
increased risk utilizing the risk calculator. Higher levels of modifiable CVD risk factors
exist in resource poor communities in northern Lima, Peru. Lifestyle modification focused
on a plant-based diet might be an affordable, cost-effective approach to reducing
CVD risk.

 

Author Biographies

Janet Simon, Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine

College of Health Sciences and Professions

School of Applied Health Sciences and Wellness

Assistant Professor of Athletic Training

Ohio Musculoskeletal and Neurological Institute

Director of Biostatistics and Research Design

Ohio University

1 Ohio University

E150 Grover Center

Athens, OH  45701

740.597.1876

simonj1@ohio.edu

David Drozek, Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
David Drozek, D.O., FACLM Associate Professor Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
106 Parks Hall
Athens,  Ohio 45701
Cell: 678-447-2509 FAX: 1-877-337-6935 drozek@ohio.edu
Published
2020-11-04
How to Cite
Sarver, J., Simon, J., & Drozek, D. (2020). Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Resource Poor Communities in Lima, Peru: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Disease Reversal and Prevention, 2(3), 9. Retrieved from https://ijdrp.org/index.php/ijdrp/article/view/207
Section
Articles