Demographic, Lifestyle, and Dietary Factors Associated with Red Meat Consumption Among A Cross-Section of New York City Residents

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22230/ijdrp.2021v3n2a301

Keywords:

red meat, nutrition, policy

Abstract

Introduction: Red meat reduction policies have become the focus of public policy in New York City (NYC). To inform on who might be impacted the most by these policies we sought to identify factors associated with red meat consumption among NYC residents.
Methods: We studied non-institutionalized adults in the cross-sectional 2013-2014 NYC Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The outcome was self-reported weekly red meat consumption. We used multivariable linear regression to assess the association of red meat consumption with age, gender, race/ethnicity, US nativity, education, marital status, percentage of ZIP-code in poverty, physical activity, smoking, alcohol, restaurant meals, and dietary components (dark-green vegetables, other vegetables, fresh fruit, poultry, fish/shellfish, sugar-sweetened soda (SSS), and sugar-sweetened fruit drink (SSFD)).
Results: Among 1,495 subjects, higher frequency of red meat consumption was associated (-coefficient; p-value) with younger age (-0.08; p=.03), male gender (0.47; p<.001), and greater weekly consumption of alcohol (0.08; p<.001), poultry (0.16; p<.001), fish/shellfish (0.15; p=.01), SSS (0.14; p<.001), and SSFD (0.06; p=.005). Red meat consumption was also associated with race/ethnicity (p=.002), wherein Asian race/ethnicity had highest consumption and ZIP-code percent in poverty (p=.003) wherein those in ZIP-codes with ≥30% in poverty consumed the least red meat.
Conclusion: Demographic, lifestyle, and dietary factors were associated with red meat consumption frequency in NYC. Public health efforts in NYC should consider these associations and differences from associations in national data when designing and evaluating outcomes from programs targeting reducing red meat consumption in NYC.

Downloads

Published

2021-12-06

How to Cite

Brandt, E., Levin, A., Holland, M., & Ferrucci, L. (2021). Demographic, Lifestyle, and Dietary Factors Associated with Red Meat Consumption Among A Cross-Section of New York City Residents. International Journal of Disease Reversal and Prevention, 4(1), 8 pp. https://doi.org/10.22230/ijdrp.2021v3n2a301

Issue

Section

Articles